• Kendall Bassard

Types of ovarian cyst

In my last two post I often referenced what played a big factor in my challenges with fertility. That would be my history of ovarian cyst which I believe contributed to the removal of my right ovary. In this post I am going to provide information around the different types of ovarian cysts. If I never experienced one personally I don’t think I would have known they exist. 

As women I feel we are often informed about STD’s and not about all the types of reproductive conditions that can play a huge role in our ability to conceive. My goal as a reproductive advocate and mental health specialist is to not only support others on their fertility journey but to also provide information. I will throw a disclaimer in here and mention I am not however a doctor and have educated myself on ovarian cyst due to my own medical history and because of my passion to be an advocate and learn more to help support myself and others. Anything about ovarian cyst that I am providing has been researched but I encourage you to please talk to a medical professional to gain more information if necessary.

Before we break down the types of ovarian cyst I will just give a brief description of what an ovarian cyst is. They are fluid filled sacs that can form in or on the ovaries. Ovarian cyst are very common and form when a woman is ovulating. Most women are not aware that they have a cyst unless symptoms show that there is a problem that causes the cyst to grow or if multiple cysts form. In my case during ovulation my cyst tend to grow which causes a lot of abdominal pain and led to my ovarian torsion. Below are the different type of ovarian cyst;

  • Follicle cysts form during your period when an ovary releases an egg each month. The egg grows inside a tiny sac called a follicle and when the egg is ready to be released the sac breaks open. Follicle cysts appear when the follicle doesn't break open to release the egg. The follicle then continues growing into a cyst. Follicle cyst can last from 1-3 months and go away. You also may not experience any symptoms depending on the size of the cyst.

  • Corpus Luteum Cyst. These cyst occur when the sac formed by a follicle doesn’t dissolve and the opening of the follicle closes. This can cause excess fluid to develop inside the sac which creates a corpus luteum cyst. Corpus Luteum cyst are said to last no more than a few weeks. In my own personal experience my body produces these type of complex cyst almost every month and contributed to my ovarian torsion. These cyst can get pretty big and can bleed or twist the ovary and cause pain. My corpus luteum cyst are often filled with blood which causes them to be termed hemorrhagic cyst. Research also shows that Some medicines used to cause ovulation can raise the risk of getting these cysts. It is always good to follow up with your doctor if you notice any abdominal pain before or after ovulation. 

  • Endometriomas cyst form when tissues that normally grows inside the uterus develops outside and attaches to the ovaries creating a cyst.

  • Dermoid cyst come from cells that are present at birth and usually do not display any symptoms. They are sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue

  • Cystadenoma Cyst are known to be filled with watery fluid and can grow large. 

  • It is also very important to mention that for some women their ovaries may create a bunch of small cyst which is known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) It is known to cause difficulties with the ovaries and with getting pregnant.

I hope this information is helpful and I will be sure to provide information on other parts of our reproductive organs as well as things that contribute to fertility challenges. 

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This website was created in order to provide information and resources to women of all backgrounds dealing with fertility issues. The content on this site is based on insights that have been derived from my own personal experiences as well as research and information from various reputable sources. This content is not to be viewed as a substitute for professional medical advice but rather as useful and insightful methods and resources that can be beneficial to your fertility experience. Although I am a licensed mental health counselor,I am not a medical provider and am therefore not responsible for any of this information being used to achieve any specific health outcomes, cure any reproductive conditions, or to get someone pregnant. I cannot answer direct medical questions and will not advise on individual conditions. I can only offer emotional support and resources and parts of my professional and personal experiences. This website is also owned by EmbraceLIFE. By viewing this website or anything made available on or through this website, including but not limited to podcasts, blog posts, articles, books, consultations, e-mails, social media and/or other communication (collectively referred to as “Website”), you are agreeing to accept all parts of this Disclaimer. Thus, if you do not agree to the Disclaimer below, do not access or use this Website.